It may be hard to imagine that Venezuela, which is now facing economic difficulties, used to have a comprehensive social welfare system including medical care, education, housing, etc. In the past, despite the problem of inequality between the rich and the poor, people's lives are still stable. Guest Professor Yang Jianping analyzed that the difference between heaven and hell between the present and the past is actually due to the unique oil output of Venezuela: In the golden age of soaring international oil prices in the past, Venezuela relied on oil exports to obtain huge profits to support the country's huge expenditure.
According to the investigation of international organizations, the policy strategy at that time did reduce the problem of inequality between the rich and the poor. However, since 2010, due to a series of factors such as the maturity of shale oil technology and international economic sanctions, the international prices of bulk materials, including oil, have industry email list fallen sharply, seriously shaking Venezuela's economic lifeline. Gradually, the state began to be unable to pay the huge expenditure of various social welfare, coupled with the domestic political turmoil, and finally the national economy completely collapsed.
Guest Director Wu Zhengji also added that the people who are most directly and seriously affected by economic problems are the people living in them, especially in a fragile political and economic environment, vulnerable families and children have no right to choose. Just like the Ami family in the film, the defects of the child not only make the family need more resources innately, but the acquired influence of the mother leaving home and the father's unemployment is even greater. At this time, the risk of running away is not a decision after consideration, but under the pressure of the environment.